Hyytiälä SMEAR II LTER - Finland
Hyytiälä SMEAR II LTER
The Hyytiälä SMEAR II site (Station for Measuring Ecosystem-Atmosphere Relations) is situated in the Hyytiälä Forestry Field Station of the University of Helsinki. The site consists is a managed, 60-yr old Scots pine forest stand. The main idea of SMEAR type infrastructures is continuous, comprehensive measurements of fluxes, storages and concentrations in the land ecosystem–atmosphere continuum. The forest measurements are operated continuously since 1996, and include e.g. leaf, stand and ecosystem scale measurements of greenhouse gases, volatile organic compounds, pollutants (e.g. O3, SO2, NOx) and aerosols, in addition to full suite of meteorological measurements. The biogeochemical cycles and vegetation–soil–atmosphere interactions are studied both experimentally and with long-term observations. The site has full carbon, water and nitrogen budgets made over 10 years, and it is a full ICOS ecosystem and atmospheric station. Ecosystem and atmosphere measurements also exist nearby in two open oligotrophic fen sites and a humic lake with forested catchment. Most of the measured data can be retrieved from: https://smear.avaa.csc.fi/
General Characteristics and Status
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
ILTER✔This site is a verified "ILTER" member.
WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW)✖The affiliation of this site with "WMO Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW)" is not verified.
LTER Europe✔This site is a verified "LTER Europe" member.
ICP Forests✔ (15_10, 15_11)This site is a verified "ICP Forests" member.
ICOS✖ (http://meta.icos-cp.eu/resources/stations/ES_FI-Hyy)The affiliation of this site with "ICOS" is not verified.
ACTRIS✖The affiliation of this site with "ACTRIS" is not verified.
European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP)✖The affiliation of this site with "European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP)" is not verified.
LTER Finland✔ (LTER_EU_FI_007)This site is a verified "LTER Finland" member.
INTERACT✔ (https://eu-interact.org/field-sites/hyytiala-forestry-reseatch-station-smear-ii/)This site is a verified "INTERACT" member.
AnaEE✖The affiliation of this site with "AnaEE" is not verified.