Sierra Nevada / Granada (ES- SNE) - Spain

Basic Information
Site Name
Sierra Nevada / Granada (ES- SNE)
Short name
Sierra Nevada / Granada (ES- SNE)
Country
Spain
Site Description
Mountain site, alpine forests Sierra Nevada (Andalusia, SE Spain), is a mountainous region with an altitudinal range between 860 m and 3482 m a.s.l. covering more than 2000 km2. The climate is Mediterranean, characterized by cold winters and hot summers, with pronounced summer drought (July-August). The annual average temperature decreases in altitude from 12-16ºC below 1500 m to 0ºC above 3000 m a.s.l., and the annual average precipitation is about 600 mm. Additionally, the complex orography of the mountains causes strong climatic contrasts between the sunny, dry south-facing slopes and the shaded, wetter north-facing slopes. Annual precipitation ranges from less than 250 mm in the lowest parts of the mountain range to more than 700 mm in the summit areas. Winter precipitation is mainly in the form of snow above 2000 m of altitude. The Sierra Nevada mountain range hosts a high number of endemic plant species (c. 80; Lorite et al. 2007) for a total of 2,100 species of vascular plants (25% and 20% of Spanish and European flora, respectively), being considered one of the most important biodiversity hotspots in the Mediterranean region. This mountain range has several legal protections: Biosphere Reserve MAB Committee UNESCO; Special Protection Area and Site of Community Importance (Natura 2000 network); and National Park. The area includes 61 municipalities with more than 90,000 inhabitants. The main economic activities are agriculture, tourism, cattle raising, beekeeping, mining, and skiing.
Last modified
2020-06-29 10:06:00

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General Characteristics, Purpose, History
Site Status
Operational
Year Established
2008
Purpose
Gathering information relevant for create scientific knowledge and promote informe decision making processes
Parameters
agricultural parameter
atmospheric parameter
atmospheric parameter » air humidity
atmospheric parameter » air temperature
atmospheric parameter » precipitation intensity
atmospheric parameter » snow depth
atmospheric parameter » snow water equivalent
atmospheric parameter » diffuse radiation intensity
atmospheric parameter » direct radiation intensity
atmospheric parameter » global radiation irradiance
atmospheric parameter » incoming radiation intensity
atmospheric parameter » irradiance
atmospheric parameter » long wave radiation
atmospheric parameter » net far infrared radiation irradiance
atmospheric parameter » net radiation irradiance
atmospheric parameter » solar radiation
atmospheric parameter » diffuse solar radiation intensity
atmospheric parameter » total radiation irradiance
atmospheric parameter » wind direction
atmospheric parameter » wind direction (mean and gust)
atmospheric parameter » wind speed
atmospheric parameter » wind speed (mean and gust)
atmospheric parameter » mean annual precipitation
atmospheric parameter » maximum temperature
atmospheric parameter » mean annual air temperature
atmospheric parameter » mean annual temperature
atmospheric parameter » relative humidity
biological parameter
biological parameter » plant height
biological parameter » canopy cover rate
biological parameter » canopy height
biological parameter » tree age
biological parameter » tree diameter
biological parameter » tree height
biological parameter » flowering date
biological parameter » emergence date
biological parameter » age class
biological parameter » change in population size over time
biological parameter » population size
biological parameter » plant cover
biological parameter » tree condition
biological parameter » age distribution
biological parameter » age structure
biological parameter » annual net primary production
biological parameter » beta diversity
biological parameter » biological diversity
biological parameter » breast height diameter
biological parameter » community pattern
biological parameter » community structure
biological parameter » dispersal distance
biological parameter » drought resistance
biological parameter » drought tolerance
biological parameter » fire resistance
biological parameter » forest cover
biological parameter » functional diversity
biological parameter » germination date
biological parameter » greenness
biological parameter » Greenness Index
biological parameter » net primary productivity
biological parameter » Normalized Difference Vegetation Index
biological parameter » plant density
biological parameter » plant growth rate
biological parameter » plant size
biological parameter » population density
biological parameter » population structure
biological parameter » primary productivity
biological parameter » seed mass
biological parameter » seed production
biological parameter » seed size
biological parameter » stress tolerance
biological parameter » survival rate
biological parameter » tree basal area
biological parameter » tree mortality
biological parameter » tree diameter at breast height
ecosystem parameter
ecosystem parameter » fire severity index
ecosystem parameter » ecosystem structure
ecosystem parameter » habitat structure
ecosystem parameter » normalized vegetation index
ecosystem parameter » faunistic diversity
ecosystem parameter » floristic diversity
ecosystem parameter » species list
ecosystem parameter » species composition
ecosystem parameter » plant species composition
ecosystem parameter » diversity index
environmental parameter
environmental parameter » abiotic heterogeneity
environmental parameter » altitudinal gradient
environmental parameter » environmental heterogeneity
environmental parameter » snow depth
genetic parameter
landscape parameter
remote sensing parameter
soil parameter
water parameter
Photos
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Geographic
Size
172000.00ha
Elevation (average)
3480.00msl
Elevation (min)
273.00msl
Elevation (max)
1736.00msl
Affiliation and Network Specific Information
Affiliation
ILTERThis site is a verified "ILTER" member.
LTER Spain (LTER_EU_ES_010)This site is a verified "LTER Spain" member.
LTER EuropeThis site is a verified "LTER Europe" member.
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Site information [.json]

Centroid coordinates [.shp] [.kml]
Bounding Box [.shp] [.kml]
Boundaries [.shp] [.kml]